"[48] Bernstein created a stir at the concert of April 6, 1962 when, just before the New York Philharmonic was to perform the Brahms Piano Concerto No. He later described the experience: It was Hofmann. Although Gould's recording studio producers have testified that "he needed splicing less than most performers",[83] Gould used the process to give himself total artistic control over the recording process. 6 Little Preludes, BWV 933-938: Praeludium in C Major, BWV 933, 6 Little Preludes, BWV 933-938: Praeludium in C minor, BWV 934, 6 Little Preludes, BWV 933-938: Praeludium in D minor, BWV 935, 6 Little Preludes, BWV 933-938: Praeludium in D Major, BWV 936, 6 Little Preludes, BWV 933-938: Praeludium in E Major, BWV 937, 6 Little Preludes, BWV 933-938: Praeludium in E minor, BWV 938, Prelude and Fughetta in D minor, BWV 899: Praeludium, Prelude and Fughetta in D minor, BWV 899: Fughetta, Prelude and Fughetta in G Major, BWV 902, Prelude in G Major to the Fughetta No. [fn 3] Gould had no Jewish ancestry,[fn 4] though he sometimes made jokes on the subject, such as "When people ask me if I'm Jewish, I always tell them that I was Jewish during the war. He enjoyed a jazz concert with his friends as a youth, mentioned jazz in his writings, and once criticized the Beatles for "bad voice leading"[fn 18]—while praising Petula Clark and Barbra Streisand. But it doesn't convince me. Glenn Gould plays Bach - The Goldberg Variations, BMV 998 (Zenph re-performance) Watch later. It's getting worse all the time. [118], The Juno Awards are presented annually by the Canadian Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. Playing next. But I assure you, he was an extremely heterosexual man. 3 in D major, BWV1054. ... What if the composer, as historian, is faulty? Glenn Gould. The Klavierbüchlein For Wilhelm Friedemann Bach in C Major, BWV 924: Prelude: ... Glenn Gould / Goldberg Variations, J. S. Bach. Glenn Gould. Disc 1. The Royal Conservatory of Music Professional School in Toronto adopted the name The Glenn Gould School in 1997 after their most famous alumnus. [78], The issue of "authenticity" in relation to an approach like Gould's has been a topic of great debate, although diminished by the end of the 20th century. [84], Gould's first commercial recording (of Berg's Piano sonata, Op. The institution of the public concert, he felt, degenerated into the "blood sport" with which he struggled, and which he ultimately rejected.[30]. Glenn Gould (piano) Bach, J S: Keyboard Concerto No. [56], Gould lived a private life. He went on to explore the possibility of litigation against Steinway & Sons if his apparent injuries were permanent. [16] Around the same time, he injured his back as a result of a fall from a boat ramp on the shore of Lake Simcoe. In 1970, the government of Canada offered him the Companion of the Order of Canada, but he declined, believing himself to be too young. The temperature of the recording studio had to be precisely regulated. 3 In C-Sharp Major 4. [112][113] A federal plaque reflecting the designation was erected next to a sculpture of him in downtown Toronto. That he was not able, by himself, to fashion a bridge between them is neither surprising, nor, in the end, disappointing. [104], Gould is one of the most acclaimed musicians of the 20th century. The success of Gould's collaborations was to a degree dependent upon his collaborators' receptiveness to his sometimes unconventional readings of the music. Glenn Gould Edition - Bach: The Art of the Fugue (Excerpts), Prelude and Fugue on BACH, BWV 898 1997 Bach: The Goldberg Variations, BWV 988 (1955 Mono Recording) 1956 Featured On. He set forth this doctrine, only half in jest, in "GPAADAK", the Gould Plan for the Abolition of Applause and Demonstrations of All Kinds. Gould also recorded works by Brahms, Mozart, and many other prominent piano composers (with the notable exception of Frédéric Chopin), though he was outspoken in his criticism of the Romantic era as a whole. For the rest of his life, Gould eschewed live performance, focusing instead on recording, writing, and broadcasting. In 1957, Gould undertook a tour of the Soviet Union, becoming the first North American to play there since World War II. (SATB with piano or string-quartet accompaniment). Fran's Restaurant in Toronto was a regular haunt of Gould's. The service was attended by over 3,000 people, and was broadcast on the CBC. Bazzana writes that "it is tempting to assume that Gould was asexual, an image that certainly fits his aesthetic and the persona he sought to convey, and one can read the whole Gould literature and be convinced that he died a virgin"—but he also mentions that evidence points to "a number of relationships with women that may or may not have been platonic and ultimately became complicated and were ended". Thomas Bernhard's renowned 1983 novel The Loser purports to be an extended first-person essay about Gould and his lifelong friendship with two fellow students from the Mozarteum school in Salzburg, both of whom have abandoned their careers as concert pianists due to the intimidating example of Gould's genius. [25] He could "memorize at sight" and once challenged his friend John Roberts to name any piece of music that he could not "instantly play from memory". 1 in A Major, HWV 426: II. Stream ad-free or purchase CD's and MP3s now on Amazon.com. [19] His pianism had great clarity and erudition, particularly in contrapuntal passages,[19] and extraordinary control. See, Friedrich first states that Gould performed the Beethoven Piano Sonata No. Gould claimed that his singing was unconscious and increased in proportion to his inability to produce his intended interpretation from a given piano. He asked the audience: "In a concerto, who is the boss – the soloist or the conductor? His String Quartet (Op. One is a live recording from 1954, The Schubert can be seen briefly in the film, Glenn Gould: Selected Letters (John P. L. Roberts, Ghyslaine Guertin), 1992, Elliott, R. "Constructions of Identity in the Life Stories of Emma Albani and Glenn Gould. Gould's experience of driving across northern Ontario while listening to Top 40 radio in 1967 provided the inspiration for one of his most unusual radio pieces, The Search for Petula Clark, a witty and eloquent dissertation on the recordings of the renowned British pop singer, who was then at the peak of her international success. Similarly, Gould notes the "pathetic duplicity" in the reception of high-quality forgeries by Han van Meegeren of new paintings attributed to the Dutch master Johannes Vermeer, before and after the forgery was known. [29] He associated this drift towards hedonism with the emergence of a cult of showmanship and gratuitous virtuosity on the concert platform in the 19th century and later. In December 1979 Gould’s longstanding producer Andrew Kazdin left Columbia. To commemorate what would have been Gould's 75th birthday, the Canadian Museum of Civilization held an exhibition titled Glenn Gould: The Sounds of Genius in 2007. He was attracted to the technical aspects of recording, and considered the manipulation of tape to be another part of the creative process. Bazzana has speculated that Gould's increasing use of a variety of prescription medicines over his career may have had a deleterious effect on his health. (Gould rarely shook people's hands, and habitually wore gloves. comment. The performer had to make creative choices. The disc of recordings was placed on the spacecraft Voyager 1. During Gould's 1957 concert performances in Moscow. "[55] In a letter to the cellist Virginia Katims of 20 January 1973, Gould said he had been vegetarian for about ten years. It wasn't easy for me. [53] These facets of Gould, whether interpreted as neurosis or "play",[54] have provided ample material for psychobiography. [28] Gould was known for having a vivid imagination. [fn 7] He claimed to have almost never practised on the piano itself, preferring to study repertoire by reading,[fn 8] another technique he had learned from Guerrero. Share. [6][7] The family's surname was changed to Gould informally around 1939 to avoid being mistaken for Jewish, given the prevailing anti-Semitism of pre-war Toronto and the Jewish associations of the Gold surname. [114] The Glenn Gould Studio at the Canadian Broadcasting Centre in Toronto was named after him. He performed on television and radio, and produced three musique concrète radio documentaries called the Solitude Trilogy, about isolated areas of Canada. [19] His extremely low position at the instrument permitted him more control over the keyboard. Gould began by improvising something Straussian—we thought he was simply warming up, but no, he continued to play like that throughout the actual recordings, as though Strauss's notes were just a pretext that allowed him to improvise freely. [66], Whether Gould's behaviour fell within the autism spectrum has been the subject of debate. As a teenager, Gould had written chamber music and piano works in the style of the Second Viennese school. You must have that immediacy of response, that control over fine definitions of things."[27]. Bach: Partitas, Preludes, Fugues, Fughettas de Glenn Gould - Année de production 2012 Gould also collaborated with members of the New York Philharmonic, the flautist Julius Baker and the violinist Rafael Druian in a recording of Johann Sebastian Bach's Brandenburg Concerto No. [61] In his later years he claimed to be vegetarian, but his private notepads reveal that he ate chicken, Dover sole, roast beef and veal. ", "Christopher Foss grew up with Glenn Gould, but never got to say goodbye", "Ottawa; An Exhibition of Glenn Gould Memorabilia Sheds A Little Light on A Musical Enigma", "Being Glenn Gould – The Adelaide Review", "Wildlife: On the trail of Count von Svoboda and Glenn Gould", "The Prospects of Recording – Resources – The Glenn Gould Archive", "The Variations of Glenn Gould: Legendary, Eccentric Pianist Launched His Career by Playing Bach", "Glenn Gould " The CBC Legacy " Timeline of a Musical Genius", "Glenn Gould's fascination with Petula Clark (excerpt)", Harper Government Celebrates Glenn Gould as National Historic Person Canadian cultural icon commemorated at plaque unveiling ceremony, "Glenn Gould: The Sounds of Genius » Credits", "Dr. José Antonio Abreu Awarded Coveted 2008 Glenn Gould Prize", "The Glenn Gould School " Key Facts and History", "Home " The Recording Academy " The GRAMMY Awards " GRAMMY Hall of Fame", "Late Toronto pianist Glenn Gould receives Grammy lifetime achievement award", "How Mozart Became a Bad Composer" by Glenn Gould, in, Podcast about Glenn Gould from Library and Archives Canada, "Glenn Gould collected news and commentary", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Glenn_Gould&oldid=996539818, Juno Award for Classical Album of the Year – Solo or Chamber Ensemble winners, Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award winners, Persons of National Historic Significance (Canada), Burials at Mount Pleasant Cemetery, Toronto, All Wikipedia articles written in Canadian English, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 December 2020, at 05:31. "[48] Leonard Bernstein said, "There is nobody quite like him, and I just love playing with him. But we persevered nonetheless. Gould, therefore, prefers an ahistorical, or at least pre-Renaissance, view of art, minimizing the identity of the artist and the attendant historical context in evaluating the artwork: "What gives us the right to assume that in the work of art we must receive a direct communication with the historical attitudes of another period? 5 and the cantata Widerstehe doch der Sünde from the harpsipiano (a piano with metal hammers to simulate a harpsichord's sound), and Gustav Mahler's Symphony No. The first few bars of the Goldberg Variations are carved on his grave marker. He was one of the best known and most celebrated pianists of the 20th century, and was renowned as an interpreter of the keyboard works of Johann Sebastian Bach. [58], One piece of evidence arrived in 2007. ", In "Bach the Nonconformist"; Roberts (ed. Yet it is not the work that has changed but its relation within the accepted narrative of music history. Despite a certain affection for Dixieland jazz, Gould was mostly averse to popular music. [52] He was known for cancelling performances at the last minute, which is why Bernstein's aforementioned public disclaimer opened with, "Don't be frightened, Mr. Gould is here... [he] will appear in a moment. Gould was known for his eccentricities, from his unorthodox musical interpretations and mannerisms at the keyboard to aspects of his lifestyle and behaviour. [5] His maternal grandfather was a cousin of the Norwegian composer Edvard Grieg. グレングールド バッハ Glenn Gould - Bach - BWV 891 - Prelude and Fugue. It was, I think, his last performance in Toronto, and it was a staggering impression. Glenn Gould (piano) Bach, J S: Two-part Inventions Nos. Glenn Gould in the Sixties. In his writing, Gould praised certain composers and rejected what he deemed banal in music composition and its consumption by the public, and also gave analyses of the music of Richard Strauss, Alban Berg and Anton Webern. “We recorded ten or even fifteen different versions of some of the preludes and fugues. The multimedia exhibit was held in conjunction with Library and Archives Canada.[115]. [39] On 10 April 1964, Gould gave his last public performance, playing in Los Angeles, at the Wilshire Ebell Theater. Report. These include his famous "self-interview", his book review of a biography written about him (in which he refers to himself in the third person)—not to mention the various appearances of his "alter egos" in print, radio, or TV, including an "extended and rather strained radio joke show", ("Critics Callout Corner" on the, There are two other Gould recordings of the Goldberg Variations. 1.2M . [100], Gould was not only a pianist, but also a prolific transcriber of orchestral repertoire for piano. As a teenager, Gould was significantly influenced by Artur Schnabel,[fn 10] Rosalyn Tureck's recordings of Bach (which he called "upright, with a sense of repose and positiveness"), and the conductor Leopold Stokowski. Gould was a teetotaller and did not smoke. [42] Some of Gould's recordings were severely criticised because of this background "vocalising". He would play his own little pieces for family, friends, and sometimes large gatherings—including, in 1938, a performance at the Emmanuel Presbyterian Church (a few blocks from the Gould family home) of one of his own compositions.[14]. 902, BWV 902a: Prelude in G Major, BWV 902a, Prelude and Fughetta in G Major, BWV 902, Prelude in G Major to the Fughetta No. Price. Glenn Herbert Gould [fn 1] [fn 2] (25 September 1932 – 4 October 1982) was a Canadian classical pianist. 17 in A-flat Major, BWV 862: Prelude; Prelude & Fugue No. "[57] He never married, and biographers have spent considerable time on his sexuality. Both his parents were musical, and his mother, especially, encouraged the infant Gould's early musical development. Gould is a popular subject of biography and even critical analysis. [97] Schwarzkopf believed in "total fidelity" to the score, but she also objected to the temperature, which was to Gould's liking: The studio was incredibly overheated, which may be good for a pianist but not for a singer: a dry throat is the end as far as singing is concerned. He was extremely critical of Chopin. The 1981 release was one of CBS Masterworks' first digital recordings. In early September 1982, Gould made his final recording: Strauss's Piano Sonata in B minor.[96]. [6][15], At the age of 10, he began attending the Royal Conservatory of Music in Toronto (known until 1947 as the Toronto Conservatory of Music). (Gould grew up in Toronto at the same time that Canadian theorists Marshall McLuhan, Northrop Frye, and Harold Innis were making their mark on communications studies. [88] He recorded most of Bach's other keyboard works, including both books of The Well-Tempered Clavier and the Partitas, French Suites, English Suites, Inventions and Sinfonias, keyboard concertos, and a number of toccatas (which interested him least, being less polyphonic). He was progressive in many ways, promulgating the atonal composers of the early 20th century, and anticipating, through his deep involvement with the recording process, the vast changes that technology would have on the production and distribution of music. [97] His 1966 collaboration with soprano Elisabeth Schwarzkopf, however, recording Richard Strauss's Ophelia Lieder, Op. As for Beethoven, Gould preferred the composer's early and late periods. He is buried next to his parents in Toronto's Mount Pleasant Cemetery (section 38, row 1088, plot 1050). 1) came in 1953 on the short-lived Canadian Hallmark label. Browse more videos. He also made recordings of the complete piano works Lieder by Arnold Schoenberg. Gould was the first pianist to record any of Liszt's piano transcriptions of Beethoven's symphonies (beginning with the Fifth Symphony, in 1967, with the Sixth released in 1969). 1. "[82], In creating music, Gould much preferred the control and intimacy provided by the recording studio. Performing the first movement of Bach's Keyboard Concerto No. [73] While offering "brilliant insights" and "provocative theses", Gould's writing is often marred by "long, tortuous sentences" and a "false formality", Bazzana writes.[74]. Towards the end of his life, Gould began conducting. [20], Gould passed his final Conservatory examination in piano at the age of 12, achieving the highest marks of any candidate, and thus attaining professional standing as a pianist at that age. According to another of Gould's biographers, Otto Friedrich, the air-conditioning engineer had to work just as hard as the recording engineers.[44]. On 5 June 1938, at the age of five, Gould played in public for the first time, joining his family on stage to play piano at a church service at the Business Men's Bible Class in Uxbridge, Ontario, in front of a congregation of about two thousand. Compare the 1970 version from the "Complete Piano Sonatas" set (played first) and the 1958 interpretation (second). [11] He learned to read music before he could read words,[6][12][13] and it had been observed that, at age three, he had perfect pitch. After several years, she and Gould became lovers. It would eventually occupy him for more than nine years. Bach's WTC on a Wittmayer harpsichord. [99], Gould made numerous television and radio programs for CBC Television and CBC Radio. 3. ... moreover, what makes us assume that the situation of the man who wrote it accurately or faithfully reflects the situation of his time? Check out Glenn Gould plays Bach: The Well-Tempered Clavier Books I & II, BWV 846-893 by Glenn Gould on Amazon Music. It's probably fair to say that until Glenn Gould got his fingers around it, Bach's music was used for teaching purposes more than anything else. The C major prelude from the first book of the WTC. [108] François Girard's Genie Award winning 1993 film, Thirty Two Short Films About Glenn Gould includes documentary interviews with people who knew him, dramatizations of scenes from Gould's life, and fanciful segments including an animation set to music. Glenn Gould (piano) Bach, J S: Three-part Inventions (Sinfonias) Nos. Gould's playing was distinguished by a remarkable technical proficiency and a capacity to articulate the contrapuntal texture of Bach's music. To this day renowned Canadian pianist Glenn Gould (1932 – 1982) continues to … Bach, stating that the Baroque composer was "first and last an architect, a constructor of sound, and what makes him so inestimably valuable to us is that he was beyond a doubt the greatest architect of sound who ever lived". Hide other formats and editions. His last recording as a conductor was of Wagner's Siegfried Idyll in its original chamber-music scoring. "[105], One of Gould's performances of the Prelude and Fugue in C major from Book II of The Well-Tempered Clavier was chosen for inclusion on the NASA Voyager Golden Record by a committee headed by Carl Sagan. Amazon.com. [65] Cornelia Foss has said that Gould took a lot of antidepressants, which she blamed for his deteriorating mental state. Listen to Handel: Suites for Harpsichord - Bach: Selections from the Well Tempered Clavier, Book II by Glenn Gould on Apple Music. For a pianist such as Van Cliburn, 200 concerts would have amounted to about two years' touring.[41]. ", to which the audience laughed. Glenn Gould - Bach - BWV 891 - Prelude and Fugue. [9] The diagnosis was first suggested by psychiatrist Peter Ostwald, a friend of Gould's, in the 1997 book Glenn Gould: The Ecstasy and Tragedy of Genius. The claim that Gould "never shook hands" is exaggerated. It is likely that this habit originated in his having been taught by his mother to "sing everything that he played", as his biographer Kevin Bazzana puts it. [60] 1. Find album reviews, stream songs, credits and award information for Bach: The Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2 - Glenn Gould on AllMusic - 1993 All three use a radiophonic electronic-music technique that Gould called "contrapuntal radio", in which several people are heard speaking at once—much like the voices in a fugue—manipulated through overdubbing and editing. Glenn Herbert Gould was born at home in Toronto, on 25 September 1932, to Russell Herbert Gold (1901–1996) and Florence Emma Gold (née Grieg; 1891–1975),[4] Presbyterians of Scottish, English, and Norwegian ancestry. The cover shows Gould in the corner of a bare dilapidated room – more like the snapshot of a vagrant than the portrait of a pianistic genius. "[64] In 1956, he was also taking Thorazine, an anti-psychotic medication, as well as reserpine, another anti-psychotic, but one that can also be used to lower blood pressure. Our relationship was, among other things, quite sexual." The Glenn Gould Foundation was established in Toronto in 1983 to honour Gould and to keep alive his memory and life's work. He was admitted to Toronto General Hospital, and his condition rapidly deteriorated. Notable productions include his musique concrète Solitude Trilogy, which consists of The Idea of North, a meditation on Northern Canada and its people, The Latecomers, about Newfoundland, and The Quiet in the Land, about Mennonites in Manitoba. His mother, hoping for him to become a successful musician, had exposed him to music during her pregnancy. Bach (Composer) Format: Audio CD. [103] The majority of his work is published by Schott Music. Gould's mother would urge the young Gould to sit up straight at the keyboard. Audio CD, Extra tracks, Original recording remastered, September 30, 2003. [40] Among the pieces he performed that night were Beethoven's Piano Sonata No. This is especially evident in his (frequent) attempts at humour and irony. [33] His first solo recital followed in 1947,[34] and his first recital on radio was with the CBC in 1950. )[109][110] Anthologies of Gould's writing and letters have been published, and Library and Archives Canada holds a significant portion of his papers. [fn 11] Gould performed fewer than 200 concerts over the course of his career, of which fewer than 40 were outside Canada. He was once arrested, having possibly been mistaken for a vagrant, while sitting on a park bench in Sarasota, Florida, dressed in his standard all-climate attire of coats, hat and mittens. I play it in a weak moment – maybe once a year or twice a year for myself. [77] Weighing this statement against Gould's highly individualistic lifestyle and artistic vision leads to an apparent contradiction. Gould launched his complete recording of the “Pianists’ Old Testament” on 10 January 1962. Stream songs including "Suite for Harpsichord No. The speech was interpreted by Harold C. Schonberg, music critic for The New York Times, as an abdication of responsibility and an attack on Gould. Later works include the Lieberson Madrigal (soprano, alto, tenor, bass [SATB] and piano), and So You Want to Write a Fugue? He founded the Festival Trio chamber group in 1953 with the cellist Isaac Mamott and the violinist Albert Pratz.